Use our step-by-step free spelling lessons for spelling success! You and your students will gain confidence in spelling in tricky words by progressing methodically through key concepts.
Find the misspelled words.
Mary listened carefully before enterring the room. Once she decided it was safe, she quietly openned the door and crept inside. Suddenly, an ear-spliting sound sent her runing outside. She spotted the thieves joging to their car. Prefering not to get involved in a chase, she dialled 9-1-1.
Check your answers before continuing.
entering, opened, ear-splitting, running, jogging, Preferring, dialed
Begin to memorize this rule:
A. If a word with the accent on the last
(or only) syllable
B. has a single final consonant
C. that is preceded by a single vowel,
D. then when adding a suffix that begins with a vowel,
E. you double the final consonant.
Let’s start with clap and go through each portion of the rule as we add the suffix -ed.
A. Is the
the last or only syllable? Yes, it’s a one syllable word.
B. Does it have a final consonant? Yes, p
C. Is the consonant preceded by a short vowel? Yes, short a.
D Does the suffix –ed begin with a vowel. Yes, e
E. Should you double the final consonant? Yes, clapped.
Follow this same exercise with one-syllable words. Write each new word that you form.
Now we’ll look at some two-syllable words. Here the accent is important. Let’s begin with differ plus the suffix -ent and go through the five steps again.
We do not need to go through the rest of the steps. Although the word has a final consonant, and we’re adding a suffix that begins with a vowel, we do not double the r because the accent is on the first syllable. The new word is correctly spelled different.
A. Is the
the last syllable? Yes. We say for – GOT.
B. Does it have a final consonant? Yes, t.
C. Is the final consonant preceded by a short vowel? Yes, short o.
D. Does the suffix begin with a vowel? Yes, e.
E. Should we double the final consonant? Yes, forgotten.
Complete the steps above as you form these new words.
regret + able transmit + er forbid + en
Now practice what you’ve learned in the first three steps.
to this lesson!
Print the entire free spelling lesson to see all the steps needed to master this important spelling skill.