Use our step-by-step free spelling lessons for spelling success! You and your students will gain confidence in spelling in some confusing words by progressing methodically through key concepts.
In this free
printable spelling lesson, you’ll learn when to double
and when not to double the final
consonant in a word when adding a suffix that begins with
a vowel. Shown here are just a few of the steps in
this important lesson. This lesson is suitable for grades 5 and up, including ESL and adults.
list of words for more practice.
entering, opened, ear-splitting, running, jogging, Preferring, dialed
Begin to memorize this rule:
A. If a word with the accent on the last
(or only) syllable
B. has a single final consonant
C. that is preceded by a single vowel,
D. then when adding a suffix that begins with a vowel,
E. you double the final consonant.
It’s not as hard as it looks, when you examine it Step by Step!
Let’s start with clap and go through each portion of the rule as we add the suffix -ed.
A. Is the
the last or only syllable? Yes, it’s a one syllable word.
B. Does it have a final consonant? Yes, p
C. Is the consonant preceded by a short vowel? Yes, short a.
D Does the suffix –ed begin with a vowel. Yes, e
E. Should you double the final consonant? Yes, clapped.
Follow this same exercise with one-syllable words. Write each new word that you form.
win + ing bat + er play + ed
sit + ing slow + est nod + ing
at the end of this lesson.
Continuing with this free spelling lesson, we’ll now look at some two-syllable words. Here the accent is important. Let’s begin with differ plus the suffix -ent and go through the five steps again.
A. Is the accent on the last syllable? No. It’s pronounced DIF – fer.
We do not need to go through the rest of the steps. Although the word has a final consonant, and we’re adding a suffix that begins with a vowel, we do not double the r because the accent is on the first syllable. The new word is correctly spelled different.
Now consider forgot + -en.
A. Is the
the last syllable? Yes. We say for – GOT.
B. Does it have a final consonant? Yes, t.
C. Is the final consonant preceded by a short vowel? Yes, short o.
D. Does the suffix begin with a vowel? Yes, e.
E. Should we double the final consonant? Yes, forgotten.
Complete the steps above as you form these new words.
Now practice what you’ve learned in the first three steps.
1. My puppy gave me the (big + est) _____________, (wet +est) _________kiss ever!
2. The back tire is even (flat + er) ___________ than the front one. We’ll need to get it (repair + ed) ____________.
The boss (refer +
ed) _________ to problems in the ...
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